Before obtaining a payday loan, it’s essential to know whether the loan is secured or unsecured. A secured loan requires collateral (like a car or home) to back the debt, while an unsecured one does not.
You can get them both with a credit union or a bank. If credit unions are not your ideal solution, you can also look online. Today, we’ll explore the main distinctions between unsecured vs. secured payday loans.
And specifically, whether payday loans fall into 1 category or the other. We’ll also discuss the pros and cons of both types and provide some tips on how to make informed decisions. So if you’re wondering whether a payday loan is secured or not – or just want to learn more about the different types of payday loans available – read on!
Payday Loan: Unsecured Debt
An unsecured payday loan does not require the borrower to put up any collateral as security for the payday loan debt. This means the borrower does not have to pledge any property or assets as security for the lending.
Instead, the borrower’s income and credit ratings are the only factors that determine whether they qualify. Because payday loans are not secured, they are generally seen as a higher risk for the lender and may come with higher payday loan interest rates as a result.
Even though, in most cases, all rights reserved belong to the lender, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is there to ensure everyone involved is treated fairly.
However, they can also be a convenient option for borrowers who need access to quick cash on their credit cards and may not have the assets or credit to secure a traditional loan. Ultimately, whether payday lending is a good choice for you will depend on your personal financial situation and your ability to repay the debt.
What Unsecured Loans Are?
Unsecured payday loans work in a way that you are not obligated to put up collateral. Unsecured lending may also be referred to as signature loans and can be used for a wide range of purposes. These may include credit card debt, personal loans, and payday loans.
You can get them from banks, credit unions, or online lenders. Since there is no collateral backing the payday loan, it is considered a higher risk for the lender and may come with a higher interest rate. Some common examples of unsecured lending include credit card debt, personal loans, and payday loans.
If you have bad credit or you’re looking for auto loans, it’s not recommended to use this type of loan. This is because it will likely cost you a lot more in interest payments than if you were to get an unsecured loan with good credit or even fair credit. To avoid getting scammed, if you notice anything wrong with your loan, you can submit a complaint to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
How Unsecured Loans Work
Unsecured loans are typically the riskiest type for payday lenders to offer. If you default on your payments, they have no way of recovering their losses since they don’t have the collateral to secure the lending. Due to the higher risk involved, unsecured payday loans tend to be more costly than secured ones, with higher interest rates and/or origination fees.
Additionally, they do not require collateral such as real estate, which makes it easier for borrowers with low credit scores or net worth to be approved. However, when payday loans are unsecured, they might come with high interest rates. A good alternative might be personal loans.
To apply, you will need to provide information about your income, employment, and credit history to the lender. They will then use this information to assess the borrower’s risk and determine the terms, including the interest rate and repayment schedule. This determines whether payday lenders will allow you to borrow money or get cash advances.
Pros and Cons of Unsecured Loans
Unsecured payday loans can offer some advantages and disadvantages to borrowers. Some potential pros include the following:
- No collateral required: Because unsecured personal loans are not backed by collateral, borrowers do not need to put up any assets as security for the loan.
- Quicker approval process: There is no need to assess the value of the collateral. Therefore, the approval process for them can be quicker than for secured loans.
- Flexible use of funds: They can be used for a wide range of purposes, such as debt consolidation, paying for unexpected expenses, or financing a small business. Some lenders even offer lengthy loan terms. In most cases, you do not have to pay the loan back from your next paycheck.
However, unsecured payday loans can also come with some potential cons, including
- Higher interest rates: Lenders typically view unsecured payday loans as a higher risk, so they may come with higher interest. This is also impacted by the fact that these are short term.
- Limited loan amount: They may have lower lending limits compared to secured lending, which can limit the number of funds available to borrowers.
- Stricter approval requirements: Lenders may be more selective about whom they approve. These loans may be available only to those with strong credit.
What Is Considered Secured Loan
A secured loan is a type of short term lending that is backed by collateral. For example, if you have an expensive car and need money to pay for repairs or maintenance, you could borrow money with your car as collateral. If you fail to make payments on time, the lender can repossess (take) your vehicle.
Make sure to always take funds for this expense from your next paycheck. For example, you might have an old car that isn’t worth much anymore but still runs great. Instead of selling it for cash, you take out a $5k secured lending so that you can buy a nicer new car with better gas mileage. Now we will cover the basics of secured personal loans, including how they function, the types of collateral that can be used, and the benefits and drawbacks.
How Secured Loan Works
A secured personal loan is a type of short term lending that requires the borrower to put up some form of collateral to obtain it. The value of the collateral is used to determine the size of the lending and the terms and conditions of the loan, encompassing the interest rate and repayment plan.
In order to apply for a secured personal loan, you need to provide information about your income, employment, and credit, as well as details about the collateral being used.
If your loan application is approved, you will receive the funds in a lump sum or in installments, depending on the terms. You will now be responsible for repaying the loan according to the agreed-upon schedule. Installment loans will typically include regular payments of principal and interest.
Pros and Cons of Secured Loans
Now let’s discuss some benefits and downsides in our table of contents below. Pros:
- Lower interest: Lenders with collateral to support the loan are typically considered lower risk and may offer lower interest rates compared to unsecured lending, which usually has high interest.
- Higher limits: A secured personal loan may have higher limits compared to unsecured lending, which can give borrowers access to more funds. It might make your life easier with the next paycheck.
- More lenient approval requirements: Because the lender has the collateral as a safeguard, they may be more willing to approve borrowers with poor credit or insufficient income for a secured loan than an unsecured payday loan debt.
- Collateral required: In order to obtain a secured personal loan, borrowers must put up some form of collateral as security.
- Longer approval process: Because the lender needs to assess the value of the collateral, the approval process may be longer for these payday loans. You might even have to provide access to your bank account.
- Limited use of funds: They are typically utilized for specific purposes, such as purchasing a car or a house, and the funds may need to be used for those specific purposes.
What Loan Should I Choose: Secured or Unsecured?
Deciding whether to choose an unsecured or secured personal loan depends on your financial situation and the purpose of the loan. Here are some situations in which an unsecured debt may be a good choice:
- You lack any valuable possessions to use as security.
- You need access to quick cash and simple fund transfers to your bank account.
- You have a specific purpose in mind for the borrowed funds (consolidating debt, paying for unexpected expenses, or financing a small business).
On the other hand, there are situations in which secured borrowing may be a suitable option:
- You have valuable assets to use as collateral.
- You have a long-term borrowing need.
- You have a specific purpose in mind for the borrowed funds (purchasing a car or a house).
How to Choose the Best Lender For Your Payday Loan
Payday loans are a great way to get some money fairly quickly. You can get them with online lenders, a pawn shop, or a credit union, and there are so many loan options out there! However, choosing the best payday lender and avoiding high interest charges can be difficult.
It is important to go online and compare various payday loans. Make sure to look into the Annual Percentage rate, as well as the payday loan interest. Which one of the payday lenders has high fees or even an origination fee?
Also, look into whether your lender performs a credit check and what credit rating is required. Make sure your lender reports to all three credit bureaus as well. Lastly, look into various reviews, and make sure your next payday loan follows the state law and the United States regulations.
How to Apply For Unsecured Payday Loan
If you did your research and decided on applying for an unsecured payday loan, here are the steps you should take:
- Research lenders: Start by doing some research on different payday lenders to find one that meets your needs.
- Gather required documents: These may include proof of income, identification, and bank account information. You might need to provide access to your credit card account activity.
- Fill out the application: You can now begin the application process. This typically involves filling out an online form or visiting a store location to complete a paper application.
- Waiting to be approved for your payday loan: Upon submission of your application, the lender will evaluate it and determine if approval will be granted.
- Review the terms: If your application is accepted, the lender will present you with the terms of the payday loan, including the interest rate, repayment schedule, and any related fees.
- Accept it: If you agree to the terms, you’ll need to sign a contract and provide any required documentation.
- Pay it back: You’ll be responsible for repaying the payday loan according to the agreed-upon schedule.
What to Consider: Risks of a Payday Loan
While payday loans may be in high demand when it comes to emergency expenses, there are quite a few risks that come along. For example, if you have a bad credit score, you might get high interest rates. This might affect your ability to repay the loan.
Always make sure the repayment amount is not too much to handle, depending on your state. Furthermore, your inability to meet the repayment terms or a situation where your check bounces can harm your credit score and cause a potential debt trap.
Lots of payday lenders will look for pay stubs and perform a credit check. For that reason, you must look for legitimate payday lenders or paycheck advance apps.
Your payday lender might have high fees and other finance charges. To avoid that, you have to do research. They also might have access to your bank account, so make sure you give that information to the right creditor. If you notice any unfair treatment, make sure to reach out to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
The bottom line is, if you haven’t considered unsecured payday loans, now you know it can be a convenient option for borrowers who need access to quick cash and may not have the assets or credit for a traditional loan. Unlike secured payday loans or a home equity loan, on the other hand, is supported by collateral and may feature lower interest rates and higher limits.
However, there is also the risk of losing the collateral if the borrower fails to repay the payday loan by the due date. Which type of lending is the best choice for you will depend on your personal finance and the purpose of the loan. It is our hope that you gained some knowledge today and that the information in our article helped you make the right decision!